What is the warehouse?
A warehouse can be defined functionally as a building where we can store bulk products or goods (wares) for commercial purposes.
The built form of warehouse structures throughout time depends on many contexts: materials, technologies, sites, and cultures. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warehouse
The warehousing industry has seen a remarked change from the earlier days when storage was limited to godowns to the present day where we are having modern PEB structure with necessary amenities to qualify as a warehouse. The warehouse designing has evolved from Architect’s drafting table to complex matrixes where the purpose of the building, maximum throughput, type of goods to be stored, purpose of the storage, etc are considered to achieve an optimum design. While evaluating a warehouse design, the following factors need to be considered-
Scalability: Operators need a well – structured and stable warehousing solutions for their long term needs that can handle rapidly increasing high volumes and SKUs which increases every year while being cost-effective for their current volumes and SKU complexity. In purely economic terms, scalability allows a system or a network or a process to handle a growing amount of work in a capable manner or its ability to be enlarged to accommodate that growth. In general business settings, scalability allows a business or technology to accept increased volume without impacting the contribution margin.
Compatible for mechanization and automation: In order to perform the multifaceted roles of the emerging logistics centers, operators want high throughput and high-density warehouses – mechanization and automation are the only way forward. The slight difference between mechanization and automation is that mechanization is based around machinery and equipment that ensures accuracy and speed of operation; whereas automation is more focused around Computer technology and electronic data processing that replaces human labor with machines.
Accuracy in operations: Multi-step warehouse process puts the responsibility of handling a complicated upstream and downstream network on the warehouse so to deliver the order to perfection, without any damages.
Responsive warehouse: As customers insist their orders to be delivered to their doorstep either on the same day or the very next day, warehouses need to be more responsive and agile. Warehouses are considered as an ‘evil’ in the supply chain. In reality, they are a critical necessity in the global chain to fulfill the needs of customers all over the world. And done well, they can be an essential element to improve customer service. However, the challenges associated with warehouse design, as well as determining picking techniques and technology, are huge. Fixed costs in everything from racks to conveyors, forklifts to directed picking systems (ARS, Voice, RF, etc.) as well as employee training and productivity challenges, make warehouse management a big challenge. A warehouse can speed you up or slow you down; and thus the search for more agile and flexible warehouse designs.
Transportation friendly warehouse: The warehouses need to be adaptive to emerging modes of transportation, to ensure that the transportation operations are smooth and hassle-free. To practice effective and cost-efficient logistics management, an organization must lay the foundation for a responsive and economical transportation network. With a responsive and economical transportation network, an organization is able to implement major strategic changes to reduce costs and increase customer service levels with very little disruption to the overall supply chain flow.
Other than the above-mentioned factors following should also be considered while evaluating a warehouse design:-
- Cost control
- Efficiency & execution
- Hygiene and user convenience
Author of the blog – https://www.linkedin.com/in/camittal/
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Our network partners-
- Warehouse on fixed or flexible term basis @ OmKiran Logistics Park, Delhi NCR
- Storage optimization, dispatch scheduling & logistics coordination
- CnF, super stockist, distribution support (reference & introduction will be shared in case of non food items)
- Shared office with secretarial & administrative support @ sector 19, Noida (website coming up soon)
- Online onboarding via our portal https://www.nshmart.com/ & market place tie up with Amazon, Flipkart and PayTM